Destruction of Kiev in 1240, the Tatar-Mongol hordes retarded the development of the city for nearly a century. Six years after the fall of Kiev (1246), there were around 200 houses.
In the early 14th century, the Lithuanian prince Gediminas finally seized the lands of modern Belarus and started to gain ground in the Ukraine. His son Olgert captured Kiev in 1362. After the victory over the Tatar horde in 1363, his administration acted most of Kievan Rus.
Kiev Lithuanians greeted as liberators. Their arrival was referred by conquest, but a sort of penetration. Kyiv region is the Great Duchy of Lithuania. Kiev does not have enough troops to protect the huge defense perimeter gates destroyed Batu. Therefore, the city center was moved from the mountains of Old Kiev on Castle Mountain (now St. Andrew's descent). Currently, there is significant economic growth, though the city's population increased very slowly because of the frequent plague. Particularly scary sea was 1366, when the entire urban elite left Kiev for two years.
1470 Lithuanian feudal lords eliminated specific principality of Kiev, making of it the Kiev province.
1482 to Kiev Crimean horde attacked Khan Mengli Giray. It completely destroyed the city. Many people killed, some taken prisoner and taken to the Crimea. Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was destroyed and looted, many monks were killed. Were looted and all the other temples of Kiev. Desolation Dnieper lasted more than 70 years, until the mid-16th century.
To revive the economy, desolate, Grand Duke of Lithuania Alexander Kazimirovich provides Kiev Magdeburg Rights (1494 -1497 years.) This was the right to self-government and a storage right. It gave the right to stop passing through the city of merchants and get them to sell some of their goods at competitive prices for Kiev. Even now, there is a monument in Kiev Magdeburg Law.
Over time, the city became a major center of international trade. In the 15th century, there existed the Genoese, the Armenian and Greek trading colony. Trading houses were Podol Moscow, Polish those Turkish merchants.
During the 15th century in the Ukraine and in Kiev formed a special class - the Cossacks. In the middle of the 15th century Kiev governor bans Cossacks living in the city. So they start to build their homes - smoking free area that is now called Kurenivka.
1571 in Kiev, there were more than 40,000 homes. The most active area of settlement at the time was Pechersk. And especially on the border with the territory of the Kiev Caves Monastery. An increasing number of crafts. Among artisans highlights the Strelnikov, who produced the arrows for bows with iron tips and eagle feathers. It is known that the Crimean Tatars were given ten Kiev arrows impact of salt.
In the mid-17th century in Kiev had four church, Dominican Convent. Huge role in the development of the city in the first half of the 17th century played Kiev Metropolitan Petro Mohyla. He initiated the restoration of the Assumption and St. Sophia Cathedral and the ancient monuments of Kiev. He founded and the first in the school, now called the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.
More interesting historical information, see the section "History of Kiev".